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Learn Spanish: Spanish Conditional Tense

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Spanish Verb Estar
Ser
vs. Estar

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Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
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Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense

 

 

 

Conjugating Spanish Verbs in the Conditional Tense

 

Learn Spanish: Spanish Conditional Tense

In this learn Spanish grammar lesson, we review the Spanish conditional tense and how to conjugate Spanish verbs in the conditional. The conditional tense is used express future uncertainty, different than the future tense which describes furture certainty (I will ...). In English, the conditional tense is translated as "would + verb," such as, for example, I would buy a ticket, or, They would go to the store. Generally when using the conditional tense, there will be an "if" or a "but," or another reason why the action would or would not be completed. For example:

I would buy a ticket if they were cheaper.
They would go to the store, but it's raining right now.
He wouldn't call her because she yelled at him.

Conjugating Spanish verbs in the Conditional Tense

Just like for Spanish verb conjugations in the future tense, when conjugating Spanish verbs in the conditional tense, you will take the infinitive of the verb and add the appropriate ending. The endings for Spanish verbs in the conditional are:

-ía, ías, ía, íamos, íais, and ían.

viajar

comer
ir
Yo Viajaría comería iría
Viajarías comerías irías
Usted/Él/Ella Viajaría comería iría
Nosotros Viajaríamos comeríamos iríamos
Vosotros Viajaríais comeríais iríais
Ustedes/Ellos/Ellas Viajarían comerían irían

Let's look at a few examples in Spanish:

Yo iría al cine, pero no tengo suficiente dinero.
I would go to the movies, but I don't have enough money.

Ellas no comprarían ese auto.
They wouldn't buy that car.

Conjugating Irregular Spanish Verbs in the Conditional Tense

Just as you learned with conjugating irregular Spanish verbs in the future tense, there are irregular Spanish verbs that are formed with a specific stem in the conditional tense. It is the same stem used with the Spanish future tense.

Verb Irregular Stem
Hacer Har
Decir Dir
Querer Quer
Caber Cabr
Haber Habr
Saber Sabr
Poder Podr
Poner Pondr
Salir Saldr
Tener Tendr
Venir Vendr
Valen Valdr

Qué harías esta tarde?
What would you do this afternoon?

Saldría con mis amigos.
I would go out with my friends.

Hay in the Conditional Tense

Hay means there is or there are; this is the present tense. In the Spanish conditional tense, hay becomes habriá, which means there would be.

Habría más personas a la fiesta ....
There would be more people at the party ....