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Learn Spanish: Spanish Demonstratives

Learn Spanish Grammar

Spanish Pronunciation
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Spanish Prepositions
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense

Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener

Spanish Verb Estar
Ser
vs. Estar

Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Demonstratives
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)

Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense

 

 

 

Spanish Demonstrative Pronouns & Adjectives

 

Learn Spanish: Spanish Demonstratives

In this learn Spanish grammar lesson, we go over Spanish demonstrative pronouns and Spanish demonstrative adjectives, both which are identical in Spanish except that Spanish demonstrative pronouns take an accent.

Demonstrative Pronouns in Spanish

A demonstrative pronoun points to and identifies a noun or a pronoun. "This" and "these" refer to things that are nearby either in space or in time, while "that" and "those" refer to things that are farther away in space or time. Review the table below to learn these demonstrative pronouns in Spanish.

 
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
this
éste
ésta
esto
these
éstes
éstas
that
ése
ésa
eso
those
ésos
ésas
that over there
aquél
aquélla
aquello
those over there
aquéllos
aquéllas

Let's take a look at a few examples of Spanish demonstrative pronouns used in sentences:

Esta casa es mía, pero ésa es tuya.
This house is mine, but that one is yours.

La mejor cerveza es ésta.
The best beer is this one.

The Spanish Demonstrative Pronoun Neuter:

The Spanish demonstrative pronoun nueter that you see above is reserved for when you are referring to something non-specific or when you simply don't know or can't know the name of the referrant. For example, "That's true!" is considered something non-specific, whereas, "What is this?" is something that isn't known. Let's look at some examples in Spanish:

¡Esto es fantastico! (This is fantastic!)
¿Qué es eso? (What is that?)

Demonstrative Adjectives in Spanish

A demonstrative adjective (this, that, these, those) show whether the noun they refer to is either singular or plural and whether it is located near to or far from the speaker or writer. As stated above, demonstrative adjectives in Spanish are identical to demonstrative pronouns in Spanish except they don't carry an accent.

 
Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
this
este
esta
esto
these
estes
estas
that
ese
esa
eso
those
esos
esas
that over there
aquel
aquella
aquello
those over there
aquellos
aquellas

Let's take a look at a few examples of Spanish demonstrative adjectives used in sentences:

Aquellos libros son rojos. Those books (over there) are red.
Esa mesa es muy grande. That desk is very big.