Learn Spanish Grammar
Spanish Gender and Articles
Spanish Subject Pronouns
Spanish Verb Ser
Spanish Plural Nouns and Adjectives
Calendar in Spanish
Spanish Cardinal and Ordinal Numbers
Telling Time in Spanish
Spanish Verb Hay
Spanish Verbs Present Tense
Spanish Verb Ir
Spanish Verb Tener
Spanish Verb Estar
Ser vs. Estar
Spanish Possessive Adjectives
Spanish Possessive Pronouns
Spanish Stem-Changing Verbs
Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
Spanish Direct Object Pronouns
Spanish Indirect Object Pronoun
Direct + Indirect Object Pronouns
Spanish Verb Gustar
Weather in Spanish
Spanish Reflexive Verbs (coming soon)
Spanish Verb Acabar
Spanish Verb Volver
Spanish Past Tense - Pretérito
Spanish Informal Commands
Spanish Plural Familiar Commands
Spanish Nosotros Commands (coming soon)
Spanish Past Tense - Imperfecto
Preterit vs. Imperfect
Spanish Past Participles
Spanish Present Perfect Tense
Spanish Past Perfect Tense
Spanish Formal Commands
Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Spanish Future Tense
Spanish Conditional Tense
Por vs. Para
Learn Spanish: Spanish Prepositions Por vs. Para
This learn Spanish grammar lesson reviews two of the main and most often used Spanish prepositions -- por and para, both which mean "for." However, each of these Spanish prepositions has unique and specific uses that you must simply memorize.
When to use Por?
|Expressing duration of time: "for"
||Quiero viajar por tres semanas.
|I want to travel for three weeks.
|Indicating a period of time during the 24-hour day: "for," "at," "during," "on," or "throughout"
||Voy al aeropuerto por la noche.
|I'm going to the airport at night.
|Expressing the Latin term "per"
||Limpio mi casa una vez por semana.
|I clean my house once per week.
2. Substitution or Exchange
|Expressing an equal exchange or trade: "for"
||Compré el libro por veinte dólares.
|I bought the book for twenty dollars.
|Expressing substitution: "in/on behalf" or "in place of"
||Mi padre habló por mi madre.
|My dad spoke on behalf of my mom.
|Expressing thanks/gratitude: "for"
||Muchas gracias por el regalo.
|Thanks a lot for the gift.
|Expressing having done something or "because of": "due to"
||Por estar triste, no quiero salir.
|Because of being sad, I don't want to go out.
|Expressing a motive: "for" or "because of"
||Voy a la fiesta por las chicas bonitas.
|I'm going to the party because of the pretty girls.
|Expressing why something/someone is a certain way: "for," "due to," or "because of"
||Gano más dinero por mi experiencia.
|I earn more money because of my experience.
|Expressing means of transportation: "by" or "on"
||Voy a viajar por avion.
|I am going to travel by plane.
|Expressing method of sending messages/information: "by"or "via"
||Te mandaré el documento por correo electrónico.
|I'll send you the document by e-mail.
|Indicating a temporary stopping point: "by" or "through"
||Pasa por mi casa antes de ir a la playa.
|Stop by my house before going to the beach.
|Expressing a like/dislike or an emotion for someone/something: "for"
||Él tiene mucho respeto por su maestra.
|He has a lot of respect for his teacher.
When to use Para?
|Expressing real or figurative destination: "for"
||La bateria es para el radio.
|The battery is for the radio.
|Expressing the recipient of an action: "for"
||La cerveza es para ti.
|The beer is for you.
|Expressing direction or final travel destination: "to" or "for"
||Mi hermano va para Boston mañana.
My brother is going to Bostontomorrow.
|Indicating the objective or goal of an action, such as profession: "to be"
||Estudio para abogado.
|I'm studying to be a lawyer.
|Expressing purpose: "for"
||El dinero es para comprar una casa.
|The money is for buying a house.
|Expressing why one does something: "in order to"
||Ella se acuesta temprano para despertarse temprano.
|She goes to bed early in order to wake up early.
|Expressing a specific time limit or future deadline: "for," "by," or "before"
||Necesito mudarme para el próximo viernes.
|I need to move by next Friday.
|Expressing a comparison to a certain standard: "for"
||Hace mucho frío para abril.
|It's very cold for April.
|Expressing an opinion or personal standard: "for"
||Para mí, el vino tinto es mejor que el vino blanco.
|In my opinion (for me), red wine is better than white wine.